Published on: Jan 18, 2016 @ 16:43 Originally Published in: 2014 (old website) (C) Jay Auger - website owner & author Notice: Any form of duplication methods (including but not limited to copy/paste of text and screen capture) of the website's content is strictly forbidden.
Launched in 1981 under prototype rules (Group 5), the Visa Trophée was to be Citroën Compétitions‘ bid in rallying competition to help promote the image of the Visa as being a tough and reliable car aimed towards the female market. In 1982, when Group B was implemented to replace Group 4, Citroën was the very first manufacturer to homologate their machine in the new category.
QUICK BROWSE CONTENT
- RALLY CAR SPECIFICATIONS
- HOMOLOGATION MODELS
- ROAD CAR SPECIFICATIONS
- HOMOLOGATION PAPERS (B-201, B-219, B-258)
- VISA TROPHÉE
While the fire-breathing Group B/12 supercars gathered most of the attention and are responsible for the legendary fame behind Group B, they actually are but a very small portion of the cars that got homologated over the Golden Era‘s history. In fact, some lesser Group B classes actually were of lower performance than Group A cars. It is a common oversight to forget the more humble B9-10-11 classes that provided the low-powered, cheap to buy, entry level cars with the same liberties for improvement as the B/12 “top dogs”.
The Visa Trophée was designed specifically for the entry-level rally car market such as privateers and dealership teams. Based on the production Visa GT, the cars were built by French firm Heuliez, and subsequently shipped to Citroën Competitions to be prepped as rally cars. Per the Group B engine displacement regulations, the Visa Trophée would compete in the lowest B/9 class for engines under 1300 cc. In France, the car was also heavily marketed towards women in hopes of luring them into the world of competitive rallying.
- VISA CHRONO
By the end of 1982, Citroën updated the Visa rally car with the “Chrono” evolution (ET). It sported a larger displacement engine (1360 cc) and minor exterior changes, shifting the car into the B/10 class. Only 20 of these cars were built to satisfy evolution homologation; 12 were reserved for Citroën Competitions, the remaining 8 were offered to the most successful privateers who had run Visa Trophées in the previous year of the French Rally Championship.
- VISA MILLE PISTES
Encouraged by their good results with the front-wheel drive rally Visas, Citroën Competitions wanted to up the ante with yet another more evolved version. At the time, Citroën was very busy developing their top tier Group B contender, the BX 4TC, so they entrusted the primary development of the future Visa entry-level rally car via a design contest between various engineering firms.
Between 1981 and 1983, multiple prototype variations of the Visa were built and tested (click on the link for more details on those). Citroën set out their chosen prototypes to the 1983 Mille Pistes Rally for final review. The winner ended up being prototype #202 code-named “4×4 M”: a four-wheel drive design of the firm Denis Mathiot Compétition (DMC). It is note to mention that, in the event, the car was able to beat the 205 Turbo 16 in “clubman-spec” (PTS kit) that was entered by Peugeot in the same prototype category.
To celebrate the achievement, the Visa winner was renamed the “Mille-Pistes”. 200 cars were subsequently produced to officially homologate the car into Group B (B/10) on March 1st of 1984. In recompense, Mathiot (DMC) would get the contract of building the twenty evolution (ET) cars at Citroën.
The Visa Mille Pistes had a bit of a hard time competing in tarmac rallies since the car’s basic four-wheel drive system didn’t include a centre differential. However, it felt much more at home on slippery surfaces and was the definitive car to beat in its class.
All Visa Group B cars were not included into the infamous 1986 Group B ban, which was only for the B/11 & B/12 classes, and were allowed to continue on competing up until the expiration of their respective homologation. The Mille Pistes in particular often would give the finest crop of Group A cars a run for their money early on.
***This article is only a quick excerpt / please come back later for page expansion***
RALLY CAR SPECIFICATIONS
(Visa Trophée = T / Visa Chrono = C / Visa Mille Pistes = M)
|| Homologation start:
|Type||I-4, SOHC 8v, gas||front, transverse|
||WRC: no change (all)|
|Output power – torque||
|Materials||block: aluminium (M)||cylinder head: aluminium (M)|
|Type||Visa GT steel monocoque chassis with roll cage, widened wheel arches, polycarbonate side and rear windows|
|Front suspension||struts, coil springs|
|Rear suspension||struts, coil springs, independent (M)|
|length: 3690 mm (145.3 in)||width: 1530 mm (60.2 in)||height: 1410 mm (55.5 in)|
|wheelbase: 2436 mm (95.9 in)||front track: 1330 mm (51.2 in)||rear track: 1320 mm (52.0 in)|
|Rims – tires||
|Fuel tank||55 litres (M)|
- VISA TROPHÉE
Built in late 1981, the Visa Thophée was produced at 200 examples to satisfy the Group B regulations and was the very first car officially homologated into the new category (# B-200). All of the road cars were built by Carrosserie Heuliez.
Sporting a 1219 cc engine and light weight polymer panels, the Visa Trophée was a small, peppy car perfect for blazing away in the French countryside.
- VISA CHRONO / II
Presented to the public in the spring of 1982, the Chrono sported a larger 1360 cc engine, upscale dashboard, lightweight wheels, riveted extended wheel arches, sportier bodywork, and special graphics. Only 20 of these cars were actually built with the new engine to satisfy the “evolution” Group B homologation requirement. However, Citroën would offer the appearance package to the public with the “Chrono II” series. A total of 3810 of these specially-trimmed cars were produced over a two year period.
- VISA MILLE PISTES / 1000
The Mille Pistes, originally engineered by Denis Mathiot Compétitions, was Citroën’s first attempt at a four-wheel drive rally homologation vehicle. As were the other rally-inspired Visas it was based on the GT chassis but was much modified underneath the skin.
A limited production of 200 cars was made to homologate the car for Group B competition. It can be easily differentiated from the other Visa models by the “X” in between the “Citroën chevrons” on the front grille.
The car was quite difficult to handle in tight spaces since it didn’t sport a centre differential. As such, a button was placed on the dashboard to disconnect the read axle and allow for easier parking manoeuvres. This made the Mille Pistes not quite the ideal city car but it could humble more powerful and sportier cars on the dusty back roads.
ROAD CAR SPECIFICATIONS
Please CLICK HERE for the specifications of these cars.
AWIN Affiliates Program – by purchasing books with the links provided here you are also helping to support the Rally Group B Shrine!*
Group B – The rise and fall of rallying’s wildest cars (English)
Gruppe B – Aufstieg und Fall der Rallye-Monster (German)
(C) Article by Jay Auger – website owner, main author & chief editor
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- All homologation papers are the property of the Fédération Internationale de l’Automobile (FIA): SOURCE
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