AUDI Sport

Audi Sport Logo

AUDI SPORT (1978~current)

Rally Team Operations HQ: Ingolstadt, West Germany

Rally Cars:

Notable Drivers:

* Audi officially retired from WRC Group B competition at the 1986 Portugal rally.


WRC GROUP B RESULTS

1983

(Car/Tires/Drivers/Round Participation)

M = Michelin / P = Pirelli

quattro A1
quattro A2
M
P
Finland Hannu Mikkola All
France Michèle Mouton 1–10, 12
Sweden Stig Blomqvist 1–3, 6–10, 12
Finland Lasse Lampi 2, 9, 11–12
Austria Franz Wittmann 3, 6
Kenya Vic Preston Jr 4
Kenya Shekhar Mehta 8
Argentina Rubén Luis di Palma 8
France Bernard Darniche 10
United States John Buffum 12
 FINISH PTS
MC SE PT KE FR GR NZ AR FI IT CI GB
2 Audi 14 X 18 16 14 18 18 (6) X 18 116

1984

(Car/Tires/Drivers/Round Participation)

quattro A2 /
Sport quattro S1
M
P
Germany Walter Röhrl 1, 3, 5–7, 10
Finland Hannu Mikkola 1, 3–4, 6–9, 11–12
Sweden Stig Blomqvist All
Sweden Per Eklund 2, 9
France Michèle Mouton 2, 4, 6, 9, 12
South Africa Sarel van der Merwe 3
Austria Franz Wittmann 4, 7
France Bernard Darniche 5
United States John Buffum 6, 12
Argentina Jorge Recalde 8
FINISH PTS
MC SE PT KE FR GR NZ AR FI IT CI GB
1 Audi 18 X 18 14 (10) 18 18 18 X 16 120

1985

(Car/Tires/Drivers/Round Participation)

Sport quattro S1 M Sweden Stig Blomqvist 1–4, 6–9
Germany Walter Röhrl 1–3, 5–7, 10, 12
Finland Hannu Mikkola 2, 4, 9, 12
Sweden Per Eklund 2, 9, 12
United Kingdom David Llewellin 2
New Zealand Malcolm Stewart 7
Austria Wilfred Wiedner 8
France Michèle Mouton 11
Germany Franz Braun 11
 FINISH PTS
MC SE PT KE FR GR NZ AR FI IT CI GB
2 Audi 16 16 14 16 14 16 16 18 12 126

1986

(Car/Tires/Drivers/Round Participation)

Sport quattro S1 M Germany Walter Röhrl 1, 3, 6
Finland Hannu Mikkola 1, 6
Austria Rudi Stohl 1, 3–4, 6–8, 10–11
Sweden Mikael Ericsson 2
Sweden Gunner Pettersson 2
New Zealand Malcolm Stewart 7
Austria Wilfred Wiedner 10
United States John Buffum 13
 FINISH PTS
MC SE PT KE FR GR NZ AR FI IT CI GB
4 Audi 14 15 29

(The team retired from official Group B Competition after the spectator deaths in Portugal)


TEAM HISTORY (~1986)

The rebirth of the Audi brand in 1965 and the merger of Auto Union and NSU in 1969 gave the topic of motor sport new significance. In 1973 racing drivers were offered the Audi 80 GT, a car that promised to be competitive.

It was not until the idea of a passenger car with permanent all-wheel drive was born, however, that Audi acquired its role as a progressive, challenging manufacturer.

The quattro concept

Once the engineers began to give the car its final form, and it had also acquired a name – quattro – the next objective was to get involved rapidly in motor sport. Not out of sheer sporting ambition: if the quattro concept really was so revolutionary and superior, conventional strategies would be inadequate for launching the product effectively. The fundamental driveline principles had to be pitted against each other as soon as possible: quattro versus conventional drive. What better context in which to do this than rallies at World Championship level?

A new motor sport department

To prepare the way for the Audi quattro in competition, the Audi Sport Department was established in 1978 and in the same year the Audi 80 took its first tentative steps in German rally championship events. In 1979 came the first overall rally victory for a car bearing the four-ring emblem: the Audi 80 won the Trifels Rally. In parallel with this, the first international events were entered. Harald Demuth and test driver Freddy Kottulinsky scored considerable successes with a front-wheel-drive car.

Start of a new era

The drivers in the very first quattro team were the Finn Hannu Mikkola and the Frenchwoman Michèle Mouton. Their début in the 1981 Monte Carlo Rally caused an absolute sensation. In one of those moments that made motor sport history, on a snow-covered surface ten kilometres into the very first special stage, Mikkola overtook a Lancia Stratos that had started one minute before him. A new era had begun.

Technical superiority

The rally car was a cautiously developed version of the original Ur-quattro. The 2144 cc five-cylinder turbocharged engine delivered a reliable 340 bhp (compared with the standard engine’s 200 bhp). In the 1981 Monte-Carlo version, the quattro accelerated from 0 to 100 km/h on a dry road in 5.9 seconds. More important sill: with M + S winter tyres and the small spikes permitted for rally driving, only 8.3 seconds were needed for the same sprint on fresh snow.

Michèle Mouton: first win for a woman driver

Another unbelievable “first” took place in autumn 1981: Michèle Mouton became the first-ever woman to win a World Championship rally, in San Remo. Reactions ranged from ecstatic to devastated.
A few nostalgic machos deemed it “only possible because of quattro”, as if to say that “even a woman” could win with this technical concept; many others were naturally more impressed by this new, “modern” situation.

The rally decade

The 1980s were the decade of rally driving. Never before had rally sport proved such an effective means of publicising technical progress. It was not simply a question of putting an idea into practice, but of proclaiming it from the rooftops. In technical terms, Audi was at least two years ahead of its challengers, and all its competitors entered the 1982 season with conventional two-wheel drive cars. Audi won the World Championship, with Michèle Mouton only missing out on the drivers’ title in the very last heat. From 1983 on, there was only one category for top-level rally competition: Group B, which granted considerable technical liberty. Everything pointed to a real showdown between the inventors of the permanent four wheel-drive car and their most ambitious imitators.

Walter Röhrl signed up

In 1984 the Bavarian winners of the World Championship finally signed up a Bavarian driver of international standing: this was the year that Walter Röhrl teamed up with Audi. Mikkola, Mouton and the Swede Stig Blomqvist completed the team. In his direct, intuitive way, Röhrl succeeded in raising the status of rallying, thanks to his careful handling of the media: rather than attempt any populism, he profiled himself as an adept ambassador of his sport, whetting the public’s appetite for its thrills and excitement. Röhrl was capable of expressing the sensuality that was the only possible explanation for his balancing acts so close to the car’s physical handling limits.

The quattro idea sets a new standard

The quattro idea had by now become established and was being copied worldwide. All these new challengers attempted to go one step further with their new designs. The only way in which this could be done was to build an out-and-out racing car, then place a near-series body over it. This was of course entirely permissible under the Group B regulations. Audi, for its part, saw that an involvement in rally driving only made sense if the fundamental features of the series model were preserved.

The “short” quattro at the Frankfurt Motor Show

A wide-track version 24 centimetres shorter than the original Ur-quattro was exhibited as the Sport quattro at the 1983 Frankfurt Motor Show. Developing 306 bhp, it was the most powerful car built to date by a German company for use on the open roads. The rally version of this car with four valves per cylinder had a power output of 450 bhp from the very start, and was easily capable of holding its own in a field brimming with new developments. The climax of this period of rally competition was victory for Walter Röhrl/Christian Geistdörfer in the 1985 San Remo Rally.

A growing spectator problem

Rally sport as a whole had experienced such a boom that there was increasing anxiety about safety. Even though the several hundred thousand spectators were spread out along many dozens of kilometres of a special stage, those who flocked to watch such events would often be standing several deep. Whereas spectators still exhibited some degree of self-control at such events as the Thousand Lakes Rally in Finland or the British RAC Rally, the situation became increasingly difficult to control in Latin countries.

Withdrawal from rallying

The Audi team was not involved in the severe accident that occurred during the 1986 Portugal Rally, but its professional drivers reached the only correct conclusion and dropped out of the rally. Back in Ingolstadt this decision was adopted as general company policy, and Audi withdrew immediately from rallying.

Success list

This brought to a close the first six “quattro years”. Michèle Mouton, Hannu Mikkola, Stig Blomqvist and Walter Röhrl had won 23 world championship heats between them, and brought four world championship titles back to Ingolstadt. This era was one of those rare examples of how genuine technical superiority was publicized with the aid of motor sport: quattro, the triumph of an idea.

SOURCE: (C) Audi Motorsport in Retrospec


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AVAILABLE LITERATURE

 Affiliates Program – (free delivery worldwide!)

 Audi quattro – The Rally History

 Rally Giants – Audi quattro

Audi quattro LM Audi quattro: The Complete Story

Audi quattro Gold Portfolio Audi quattro: 1980-1991

Audi Sport 30 30 Years of Audi Sport

Audi Sport 30 30 Years of Audi Sport (German)

Audi quattro little The Little Book of Audi quattro

Audi quattro portfolio Audi quattro: Ultimate Portfolio

Audi quattro inside Audi quattro: The Inside Story of Your Car

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